60 Spring Flowers That You Can Grow In Your Garden

Spring is celebrated as the season where many plants emerge from the dormancy of winter. We shake off the lethargy of winter, as the temperature edges up just a little with every passing week, the sun climbing that little bit further in the sky.

Even in the first few days, you start to see green shoots emerge. Some plants start off their foliage growth very early on, giving them a chance to garner enough energy for their spectacular shows come summer.

But what about those spring-flowering plants? Not everyone wants to wait for the explosion of color that summer can offer, and some of the most beautiful plants flower during the spring, whether that’s early on in the year, or in the last few weeks of this uplifting season.

If you’re not sure where to start when it comes to spring-flowering plants, or you just want to try some new flowers in your garden, this guide will help you in your own garden journey. 

Early to Mid-Spring Flowering Plants

Anemone pavonina

Perfect for beginners and seasoned gardeners alike, anemone pavonina is a herbaceous perennial which will provide your garden with a sea of color for weeks to come.

While some anemones grow from late spring onward, this particular type of anemone, anemone pavonina, flowers from March into April in shades of pink, red, and white, with a black central eye contrasting the light petals.

These flowers are easy to grow from seed, and most come in a packet of mixed colors. You can sow them exactly where you want to grow them, making it an easy task to provide your garden with gorgeous early spring color.

Unlike some anemones which love partial shade, these particular anemones thrive in full sunlight and soil which drains freely. 

Bloodroot

Native to Canada, this enigmatic flowering plant is famous for its blood-red sap, which is the trait its common and scientific names refer to. 

Sanguinaria canadensis, or bloodroot, produces a brilliant-white flower, the number of petals depending on the flower itself, usually somewhere between 8 and 11 petals per flower.

This almost luminous-white contrasts well with the vivid yellow central eye of the flower, and its unusual, bright green leaves.

In the past, the bloodroot plant has had a range of medicinal uses, including treating mouth or respiratory problems.

Camellia

Like the peony, the camellia plant wasn’t originally grown for its ornamental value, but for its medicinal uses. 

With time, the flowers of the camellia, just like the peony, were soon cultivated for both their beauty and their uses, and they were soon hybridized for both purposes.

The camellia is available in three colors, all with varying shades, including a brilliant crimson, pink, and yellow.

Camellia thrives in acidic soil, and they are perfect for adding color to the darkest parts of your garden. Just ensure that they don’t get any morning sunlight, as this can wither new buds.

Some cultivars also look similar to roses, further boosting their popularity with gardeners across the world. Similarly to roses, the blooms on a camellia plant benefit from deadheading, allowing better air circulation and more energy for flower production.

Carolina Jessamine

Also known as Gelsemium sempervirens, Carolina jessamine is a striking vine which produces vivid yellow flowers that are heavily scented, offsetting the glossy foliage well. 

It’s perfect for walls, trellises or bare fences which need an explosion of color and fragrance. Wherever you choose to grow it, make sure that the surface has plenty of support, as it can grow up to 20 feet tall in the right conditions.

In order to get Carolina jessamine to grow well, the soil needs to be well-draining, and preferably packed full of nutrients. 

This plant also prefers warmer locations, where its foliage is evergreen, but it will be semi-evergreen in colder areas. 

Chionodoxa

While this name may look complicated, you’ll get the reference once you break it down. ‘Chion’ and ‘doxa’ both come from Greek, translating as snow’s glory.

This references the early flowering nature of this gorgeous plant, able to flower in the late days of winter as well as the first few weeks of spring. 

It can even flower when there’s still snow on the ground, if the conditions are right.

Chionodoxa is just one example of nature’s ingenuity, where it thrives under trees that have shed their leaves in winter. 

This allows plenty of light to reach the chionodoxa, and this plant produces vivid violet-blue flowers that turn white at the heart of the flower, contrasting the tiny pop of yellow of the stamen.

Chionodoxa requires well-draining soil, preferably where it can get full sunlight during the bare, very early weeks of spring, where it will treat you to a display of color for years to come.

Claytonia

Also known as Virginia spring beauty, claytonia flowers don’t last for very long, but that doesn’t mean they don’t provide your garden with a wealth of color in shades of white and pink.

The flowers only last for about 3 days each, but these bulbs are repeat-bloomers, so you will see quite a few flowers, just in a short window of time. 

Claytonia flowers open in the morning, and close up once they cannot feel the sun.

They also have the advantage of having a carpeting growth habit, making them perfect for underneath large trees.

Coltsfoot

Coltsfoot is a plant that has several intriguing names. Its common name, coltsfoot, refers to its foliage, which resembles hooves. 

It also goes by another name, ‘son before the father’, which refers to the peculiar way the flowers bloom and die before the foliage appears.

Part of the daisy plant family, the coltsfoot is considered invasive in some parts of the world, as its root system is very strong. 

It does have its uses in the wild, where it stops erosion on the riverbanks, roadsides, and ditches it naturally grows in.

Common Bluebell

Technically part of the asparagus plant family, when the common bluebell flowers, it is traditionally a sign of spring being well and truly here. 

It has many common names, including the harebell, granfer griggles, witches’ thimbles, the lady’s nightcap, and crow’s toes.

It has a carpeting habit, and the flowers are a deep purple or blue in a bell-shape. They pull the stem down to arch over the plant, and up to 20 flowers can grow on a single flower stem.

The common bluebell often gets confused with the Spanish bluebell, but it is very easy to tell them apart. The flowers of the Spanish bluebell grow upright instead of along an arching stem.

Daffodil

Daffodils are the epitome of spring, and no spring-flowering plant list would be complete without them. 

Thanks to their popularity, you can get them in a range of forms, some of which are the classic form with a single or few flowers per stem, and others which can have twelve or more flowers per stem.

Many daffodil varieties (see also Daffodil Growing For Beginners) are fragranced, and come in shades of white, cream, pale yellow, sunshine yellow, peach, or a combination of these.

Give them somewhere with well-draining soil, either in a sunny position or partial shade, and watch them bring life and color to your garden every spring.

Daphne odora

While daphnes are slow-growing shrubs, the flowers that form are tremendously perfumed, making them perfect for patios, near windows, or the doors of your home. 

The fragrance of these flowers is stronger when the sun warms the oils within the flowers, and more blooms are produced when you plant it in the sunniest position possible.

One of the benefits of growing daphnes is that these flowers are a magnet for pollinators, providing a much-needed source of nectar in the early spring. 

Another is that the daphne is evergreen, so even when it is not in flower, you’ll find it provides a lot of structure and color to any bed you want to grow it in.

Dutch crocus

Crocus flowers (see also Crocus Flower Symbolism) are among the most loved spring blooming flowers, alongside daffodils, for producing a wealth of early color into your garden.  

Dutch crocuses are available in a variety of shades, including royal blue, deep purple, baby blue, white, cream, and a sunset-orange, which means they’ll fit into any garden scheme without any trouble.

Dutch crocus flowers thrive in a variety of positions in gardens as long as the soil drains well, including in containers, as border plants, on rockeries, and under large trees or shrubs. 

One thing that they cannot tolerate is soil that consists of a high level of clay, as this can prevent new shoots from breaking through the soil. 

You’ll see the most flowers possible if you provide a Dutch crocus with full sunlight, but it can tolerate partial shade if it must.

Dutchman’s Breeches

Also labeled Dicentra cucullaria, the Dutchman’s breeches plant is part of the bleeding heart plant genus, Dicentra

Like all plants belonging to the Dicentra genus, the Dutchman’s breeches plant features eye-catching and unique flowers. As you might guess, the flowers look a little like trousers, specifically old-fashioned breeches.

The flowers that form on this perennial are usually white, although they can also be pink. The seeds that the flowers produce are distributed by ants, where the insects take the seeds back to their nests until they germinate.

The blooms are also important to the bumblebee, as the flowers have evolved specifically for the bumblebee to pollinate them, and this provides the bumblebee with an important food source.

This plant needs nearly full shade if you can provide it, under taller plants such as trees or shrubs, and rich, well-draining soil. 

It’s perfect for woodland gardens, or for North-facing back gardens which don’t get a lot of light when the sun is stronger in the afternoon.

Field Wood Rush

Field wood rush, also known by its scientific name Luzula campestris, is a nuisance to many people who like their lawns to be spotless, as it grows in grass, commonly thought of as a weed. 

It has enjoyed a resurgence in popularity for those who want to ‘re-wild’ their garden and introduce as balanced an ecosystem as possible.

It also has the benefit of producing pale green flowers, standing out among any grass during the early days of spring.

To thrive, field wood rush requires partial sun and soil which has at least some levels of acidity. One word of warning, however. Once you have this plant in your garden, you’ll realize why it is so often regarded as a weed, as it spreads notoriously. 

Forsythia

If you want a plethora of nearly luminous yellow flowers during the first few weeks of spring, you cannot go wrong with forsythia.

Gorgeous sunshine-yellow blooms appear on the bare stems of the shrubs before the leaves form.

It also helps that forsythias will thrive in most soil types, in partial shade or full sunlight. They can stand a lot of cold temperatures, but one thing they cannot deal with is extremely wet or dry soil, and very low levels of sunlight.

Too dark a position and forsythia will flower irregularly, and you won’t get nearly as many flowers as you would if you placed it in full sunlight. 

A great way to keep forsythias from taking over in your garden is to take cuttings of flowering branches, and treat them as cut flowers, providing a lot of color in your home during the early spring.

You can also cut back some of the older growth at the base of the shrub once the forsythia has finished blooming, and this will help the plant produce more robust stems.

Fothergilla

If you’d like a spring-flowering plant that will steal the show in any garden, Fothergilla is a good plant to go for. 

During the first weeks of spring, this plant produces spindly white flowers which look a little like brush heads, turning yellow at the center of the flower.

These flowers also carry a sweet fragrance, making the plant perfect for near a seating area or windows or doors near your house, to get the most out of this scent.

Fothergilla requires either full sunlight or a lightly shaded area, in acidic, well-draining soil that contains some nutrients.

Dwarf and standard types are available, ranging from 3 to 10 feet tall once the plant becomes fully grown. 

Ghost Plant

The ghost plant, or Graptopetalum paraguayense, makes a fabulous pale display in any garden. This succulent plant needs plenty of sunlight, although you’ll find it will change color in indirect light, from a pale pinkish yellow to a silvery blue.

Once mature, this rosette-forming succulent will produce striking white flowers in spring.

They also make great houseplants, especially if your garden is vulnerable to cold temperatures, as this succulent isn’t very cold tolerant. It thrives in the hottest location that you can give it.

While the ghost plant starts off as a ground cover, it quickly branches, producing many offsets, and eventually it will trail, so keep this in mind when you want to plant it up.

It can grow to a maximum height of 60cm, spreading to 90cm wide over time. 

As a succulent, the ghost plant doesn’t need a lot of water at all, and it prefers full sunlight and sandy, well-draining soil. It looks beautiful when cascading over contrasting pots, walls, or in a hanging basket.

It’s a perfect plant for those who are busy or often travel a lot, as it really doesn’t need a lot of maintenance. As long as you can provide it with full sun, somewhere relatively warm, and with soil that drains freely, it will be fine.

Harbinger of Spring

One of the surest signs that spring is here is when Erigenia bulbosa, or the harbinger of spring plant, produces petite, bright white flowers for a solid month.

It is a favorite flower of many pollinators. The harbinger of spring grows naturally in woodland settings, and in rocky soil.

Ornamentally speaking, it’s usually used as a ground cover, requiring well-draining soil and partial shade. 

You’ll also see it labeled under pepper-and-salt, referring to the dark anthers which contrast well against the white blooms.

Hyacinth

Hyacinths are grown all over the world, both indoors and outdoors, for their beautiful clusters of white, blue, yellow, pink, or purple flowers, and the heady fragrance which can fill a whole house.

If you prefer to grow hyacinths inside, it’s worth planting them out in your garden once they have finished flowering, as they will return the following year. 

They are perfect for containers and beds alike, as long as they are under full sun. 

To maximize the fragrance of these gorgeous flowers, plant a group of them together, near windows, doors, or by a seating area so that you can enjoy their perfume as much as possible.

It’s worth noting that these perennial bulbs only produce flowers well for about three years, and after this you will probably need to replace them.

Marsh marigold

Despite not being related to the marigold at all, the marsh marigold lives up to its name in that it produces a plethora of golden hues in spring, usually carpeting forest floors and marshes alike.

The marsh marigold is related to the buttercup, and you can see the relation in the sheer brightness of the yellow flowers.

It is sometimes labeled ‘Cowslip’, as it naturally also grows along river banks where it is slippery, and a brave cow often stumbles on its way to drink from the river.

You’ll also find it under its scientific name, Caltha palustris.  

Pigsqueak

Bergenia cordifolia, or pigsqueak, produces delicate-looking clusters of rich pink flowers, the color deepening to red at the heart of each flower.

The common name comes from the way the heart-shaped foliage ‘squeaks’ if you rub it. 

Pigsqueak is a plant that requires at least partial shade, preferably in fairly low light with well-draining soil which is either acidic or neutral.

It’s regularly used as a ground cover in those darker parts of your garden, making them perfect for underneath large trees or shrubs. 

Although it does cover the ground, it does get to a taller height than some ground-covering plants, at a maximum of 45cm high. Give it enough room, and it will provide your garden with a sea of pink blooms.

It will also prevent the soil from eroding, making it perfect for gardens which have a lot of sloping ground, raised beds, or rockeries.

Puschkinia

Often called striped squills, Puschkinias produce flowers similar in shape to hyacinths, but these flowers have a more paper-like texture, and they are pale blue in color.

The name Puschkinia honors the Russian botanist, Apollo Mussin-Pushkin, and the plant itself comes from the eastern Mediterranean. In spring, it will produce its baby blue flowers, provided that it gets enough sunlight.

During the spring months it prefers damp conditions, and a warmer, drier area in summer. This sounds tricky to get right, but if you grow it on a rockery, or a bed beneath trees and shrubs, or in your lawn, it should thrive.

This plant will grow both in full sun and partial shade, but you will see more flowers if you grow it in full sunlight. 

If you are growing it in partial shade, make sure that there’s plenty of ventilation around the plant, especially if you’re growing it beneath much larger plants, as this will stop any fungal disease from taking hold.

Pussy Willow

Salix caprea, or pussy willow, will grow as a shrub or a tree, depending on the size of your garden and how much you prune it.

It’s worth noting that the male plant is the one that produces furry white catkins, so often used as cut flowers or part of a floral display.

Pussy willow is capable of getting to 25 feet tall once it is mature, but if you cut back the new spring growth, it will stay something much more manageable. 

If you are lucky enough to have plenty of room in your garden, you can also train it to become a tree. When it is young, cut off side branches to encourage the ‘trunk’ to thicken out.

For an unusual display filled with color, you can also plant flowers at the base of your pussy willow, such as daffodils, tulips, and hellebores. 

Ranunculus

For beautiful color in early spring, plant ranunculus corms in autumn, and this will get them to flower in the very late days of winter, into the first few weeks of spring.

If you prefer, you can plant them later to ensure summer blooms, but these buttercup relatives prefer the much cooler temperatures of spring.

Ranunculus come in a variety of colors, all warm and positive shades of orange, yellow, red, purple, and white.

When bought as cut flowers, they can be very expensive, so if you do like having cut flowers in your house or to send as gifts, they are worthy plants of any cutting garden.

The price is often bumped up because the flower’s form is so unique, and the stems happen to be very long, making them perfect for bouquets.

Ranunculus bulbs thrive in moist but not wet soil, in full sunlight. If you live somewhere very warm, you can get away with placing them in partial shade. 

Rock cress

Part of the mustard plant family, rock cress is an edible herbaceous perennial, and it’s also a perfect plant for beginners as it’s easy to look after.

It’s perfect as a ground cover, as it forms mounds of hundreds of blooms, and it’s especially suited for ground which slopes, or drops off suddenly, as it has a cascading habit on uneven ground.

As these are alpine plants, rock cress is fairly hardy, but they do need great drainage in order to survive. 

If you want the most amount of flowers possible, plant rock cress in full sunlight, preferably on the edge of a wall, where the sun’s warmth will radiate back at them.

If you live somewhere hot, rock cress does benefit from some shade. To create a carpet of rock cress, plant a couple of them at about 40cm apart, and they will spread in no time.

While they often don’t need a lot of water, they will need regular watering before they are fully established in the soil, and this helps a healthy root system to develop. 

Once the flowers have finished, cut back some of the growth, and this will make sure that the plant grows more thickly for the next year.

Scilla

Scilla is a compact plant which produces true blue flowers, similar to the hyacinth. These flowers point towards the ground, and nod in the wind.

At most, they’ll reach 15cm high, and make a great focal point for the very front of borders, rockeries, beds, or pots. 

To get the best out of these gorgeous blue flowers, make sure to put 3 or more in a group, as long as it’s an uneven number.

Even plant numbers in garden beds look odd to the eye. 

While that might sound strange to a beginner gardener, it’s worth placing a few pots in odd groups, and seeing how much more natural these plants look, and the difference in how it may make you feel.

Scilla requires well-draining soil, preferably on the acidic side, and a position of full sunlight, but these plants will also tolerate partial shade.

Spring Heath

Also known as winter heath, or Erica x darleyensis (see also Erica Plant Genus Guide), this low-growing evergreen perennial features brilliant green needle foliage, and it produces tiny neon pink or red flowers.

While this may sound underwhelming to some, these flowers crowd the plant and make the perfect explosion of color.

To encourage the most flowers possible on a spring heath, plant it in full sunlight. For the plant to do well, it needs to be in acidic soil, whether that’s poor soil, or rich. 

As it gets to a maximum height of 40cm, it’s perfect for hiding the woody, bare stems of large shrubs or bushes, while also adding color to this much lower level. 

It also helps keep the soil in place on hillsides or sharp slopes, making it a great border plant.

Winter Aconite

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Also labeled Eranthus hyemalis, winter aconite produces sunshine-yellow cup-shaped flowers, and this can happen while there is still snow on the ground, which is a testament to this plant’s hardy nature.

It’s also a very petite plant, only growing to about 10cm tall at the most. 

Winter aconite, or winter wolf’s bane, is a great plant to choose when you want to provide the pollinators in your garden with an early source of food, where flowers can be scarce at the start of spring.

It will thrive in many soil types, and it’s not a choosy plant when it comes to the pH of the soil. As long as the soil stays moist, but it drains well, it will thrive.

In terms of light, winter aconite will grow in both full sun and partial shade, in either an exposed or sheltered location. 

Some people use it to bring color to the bases of huge trees, where the petite flowers against the tall trunks create an interesting sight by themselves.

It’s worth noting that this plant is part of the wolfsbane plant family, which means that it can cause a lot of problems if it is ingested, so make sure you keep it away from pets or children.

Witch hazel

Hamamelis, or witch hazel, produces some of the oddest flowers you can get in very early spring or late winter. 

It produces spindly clusters of orange or yellow flowers, which offset well against the bare gray bark.

You can also use them as a seasonal privacy screen if you want to, while adding a plethora of fragrance and color into your garden. 

You will need to make sure you cut back witch hazel regularly, as this will put the plant’s energy into flower production, as well as keeping the size of the plant manageable.

Late Spring Flowers

Now that we’ve covered the very early part of spring, it’s time to look at the late spring flowers, which come to life when the temperature warms, and the sun really starts to speed up the rate of plant growth.

Abelia

If you’d prefer late spring flowers as a shrub which can give your garden a much taller, architectural form, the abelia shrub is a good choice. 

Despite being from parts of Mexico and Asia and what you might assume, it is a very hardy shrub, and doesn’t need a lot of attention in order to thrive.

Abelia comes into its own during the later part of spring, where the whole shrub pretty much becomes a cluster of white and pink flowers. 

Unlike some of the shrubs on this list, pruning back abelia will not encourage more flower growth, and it can actually hinder next year’s production of flowers, so only prune it sparingly. 

You can also get forms of abelia which come with variegated foliage, only adding to its beauty. 

Allium

While you may know of alliums that flower in July and August, most alliums actually bloom in May and early June. 

While they are, technically, an ornamental onion, alliums add an architectural, abstract, or playful touch into any garden, depending on your garden’s theme and what plants you put them near. 

This is due to their spherical clusters of tiny flowers, usually in shades of purple, blue, white, pink, or even red. You can get both standard and smaller types, so there is a size to suit every garden. 

Alliums are undemanding plants, as long as you plant them somewhere they can get full sunlight, and water can drain away freely. 

They also do well in containers, where the water retention isn’t as high as it is in the ground.

Anemone

Anemones can act as a bridge plant between the middle of spring and summer, as they have a long flowering period. 

Some spring-flowering anemones love to bask in the full light of the sun for as long as possible, and those varieties typically hail from the Mediterranean, while others are woodland plants, and are native to parts of Europe.

This means there is a spring-flowering anemone for pretty much any garden you can think of, and any garden scheme you can imagine.

If you do go for woodland anemones, it’s worth noting that these like shady areas, such as under trees or large shrubs, where  they will create a sea of color. 

Mediterranean anemones need a sunny position but somewhere sheltered, in extremely well-draining soil. The light levels will really bring out the vibrant shades that these anemones are capable of.

The Mediterranean anemones cannot stand fierce winters, especially wintery downpours, so if you do want to grow them, and you live somewhere that does get harsh winters, keep them somewhere protected, like at the side of your house.

Azalea

One of the most prolific bloomers around, the azalea is grown across the world for its gorgeous flowers in spring and summer, available in a huge range of colors.

Azaleas need neutral or acidic soil, and if that’s not possible in your garden, you can grow azaleas in containers using ericaceous compost, or if you’d prefer one in a container. 

This lovely plant is capable of producing more than 5 flowers per bud, and if you consider, depending on the size of the azalea, a dwarf azalea will produce at least 12 buds, that’s a lot of flowers for your spring garden.

Azaleas will also largely take care of themselves. They won’t need any water or any other maintenance from you except in really dry, hot weather that’s lasted for a couple of weeks.

Barbados cherry

Sometimes called Acerola or Malphigia punicifolia, the Barbados cherry is a bushy shrub which produces fantastic flowers from late spring, all the way through into early autumn if conditions are right. 

It’s native to parts of the West Indies, but in warm climates, it has naturalized, such as the southern parts of Texas. 

While these light pink blooms are lovely in their own right, the Barbados cherry also produces edible fruit. 

It is worth noting that the fruit that this shrub produces has very high levels of vitamin C, enough that the fruit is often used to make vitamin C supplements.

It can be difficult to get a Barbados cherry to establish, but once its roots have settled into the soil, it will thrive in partial shade and evenly moist, freely draining soil.

The Barbados cherry is resistant to dry spells, so it’s a good choice for the climate-conscious gardener, or for someone who isn’t always there to water when the weather stays hot for longer periods.

Bleeding heart

A fascinating perennial flower no matter how many times you see it bloom, the bleeding heart or Lamprocapnos bears heart-shaped flowers on an arching stem, which look like they are bleeding.

A classic way to integrate these unique flowers into your garden is to make them part of a shaded border, with other plants that thrive in shade, such as hostas and ferns.

In winter, the bleeding heart completely dies off into the ground, so it is a good idea to plant it near evergreens or winter-flowering plants, as this will make sure there’s not any gaps in your border.

Keep in mind that this plant is poisonous, so only handle it with gloves on the rare occasions you might need to, and keep it out of reach of children or pets.

Blue star

Amsonia illustris, or the blue star, is a flowering perennial part of the dogbane plant family. In June, the blue star plant produces star-shaped light blue flowers.

While it may take a while for this slow-growing plant to put on its display, it’s more than worth it when you contrast it against bigger, showier flowers in much darker colors, such as burgundy-toned dahlias or dark coneflowers.

As it is part of the dogbane family, make sure you only handle it with gloves, as the sap is an irritant.

To get the blue star to flower as much as possible, grow it in rich, fertile soil which stays fairly moist, in either a sunny position or in dappled shade.

Candytuft

Also known as Iberies Sempervirens, this striking perennial plant bears tiny flowers in large, nearly flat clusters. The common name refers to their native Crete, which, in the past, was called Candia. 

Candytuft flowers are the perfect way to fill out your garden with color in the last weeks of April all the way through until the end of June, as the seeds are very inexpensive.

These flowers are also edible, though if you’re wanting to grow them for culinary purposes, make sure you get a seed packet that’s designed for this.

Candytuft flowers are perfect for a cutting garden, as well as filling out containers or beds as an annual plant.

Chestnut oak

Quercus montana, or the chestnut oak, makes a great addition to any list covering spring flowers. 

This particular tree is deciduous, which means the lovely glossy leaves drop during the winter, and during late spring, this fabulous tree produces catkins in shades of yellow and red.

These flowers make for an impressive display, and it helps that the chestnut oak largely takes care of itself. 

There aren’t many pests or diseases which can bother this tree, and those that do are usually swiftly taken care of by predators.

Introducing trees into your garden is a good way of making sure that your garden becomes full of beneficial wildlife. 

Just think carefully about where you might position your tree, as tree roots will destroy patios and garden walls, so make sure it’s not too close to those or your house.

You’ll also need to think about light, and the foliage, which will block out a significant portion for part of the year once the tree gets big enough. It may seem like a long time away, but it’ll get bigger quicker than you think.

Common Bluet

Common bluet, or Houstonia caerulea, is another flowering spring plant which provides vivid blue color at this time of year.

Like many blue flowers which are tiny, but the plant is vigorous, it divides people’s opinions, and some people consider it a weed instead of an ornamental plant.

This is probably due to the way it can spread from the last few weeks in April into July. 

Common bluets can be found in the wild in open woods, rocky stream banks and in meadows. What all of these have in common is moist soil which has an acidic pH. 

This plant thrives in full sun, but it may also survive in dappled shade.

Eastern redbud

Ceris canadensis, or the Eastern redbud, really lives up to its name. It produces the most gorgeous pink flowers encased in crimson buds, nearly covering the branches in flowers.

Like with magnolias, the Eastern redbud’s flowers appear and complete their life cycle before the leaves start to emerge during summer.

Originally from Canada, this tree is grown in many parts of the world for its beautiful color.

It is worth mentioning that this tree is very vulnerable to canker. Canker is caused by naturally occurring fungi and bacteria, and while you can keep the risk down by making sure there are no open wounds on the tree, you cannot eliminate the chance completely.

If you notice tissue on the branches start to darken, wilt, or swell, it may save your plant if you treat these areas with fungicide. Just make sure you don’t get it on any surrounding plants.

Freesia

Freesias are grown all over the world for their beauty (see also Freesia Flower Meaning) and their sweet fragrance, making them one of the must-have plants you should try growing at least once in your own garden.

Once you see the foliage spring up from the bulbs, the gorgeous, perfumed flowers in purple, red, or yellow will bloom for just over a month.

It also helps that freesias love rocky soil in full sunlight, making this plant a great option for rockeries and dry gardens. 

Despite being able to tolerate drought for a while, they do fare better in rich soil rather than earth which lacks a lot of nutrients.

Make sure to plant the freesia corms no deeper or shallower than 2 inches below the soil’s surface, otherwise they may not flower at all. 

Geranium

Geraniums produce very vivid and scented flowers, and depending on the type you go for, you may get them in cooler shades such as blue, purple, and white, or brighter tones such as red, pink, and orange.

Geraniums that flower during spring are usually the hardy kind, which grow as mounds. 

These particular geraniums are a good option for when you want to create a sea of color, as they don’t need a lot of maintenance or effort from you to achieve this.

Hardy geraniums will flower during the later days of spring, but some are repeat-flowering, which means they’ll produce flowers throughout summer, and maybe even into autumn, depending on the conditions.

Halesia tetraptera

While native to Eastern Asia, Halesia tetraptera or the silverbell is grown throughout parts of America and Europe for its beauty and ornamental value.

This shrub produces pink or white flowers in clusters of a maximum of 6 blooms per group, which will ensure any partially shady or even full sun position that you plant this in will have plenty of color.

The silverbell needs well-draining soil, preferably on the acidic side, in order to thrive.

Helianthemum apenninum

Known as the white rock rose, or the Apennine sun rose, this plant is part of the Cistaceae plant family, or the rock rose family.

As you might imagine, this lovely shrub thrives on rockeries, and produces rose-like flowers during the later days of spring, into the first few weeks of summer.

Depending on the variety, these blooms may be white, orange, pink, or yellow.

It’s naturally found in open, rocky grassland where limestone is present in the soil, where it can soak up all the sun possible. 

It’s an apt choice for ‘rewilding’ your garden, as it brings plenty of pollinators into your green space, benefitting all of your flowering plants. You can also use it as a ground cover to suppress weeds, as well as marking the border of your garden beds.

Iris

Irises are among some of the most ornate flowers that appear during spring, and they have one of the widest variety of colors in any flower, which is where the name ‘Iris’ comes from, in honor of the Greek rainbow goddess.

It’s also instantly recognizable for its six flower petals, three of which point toward the earth, and three which stand upright.

There’s an iris for every position imaginable. Some prefer sunny areas, while others like partial shade and boggy soil, depending on the type you go for. 

Jacob’s Ladder

Polemonium caeruleum, or Jacob’s ladder, is a fabulous perennial which produces vivid blue blooms in huge clusters.

It’s very easy to care for, and it’s also a hardy plant, making it a great choice for beginners and seasoned gardeners alike. 

It will flower from the late days of May into the whole of June, depending on how warm the weather is, and you can increase the amount of flowers by putting it in full sun, as well as deadheading any spent blooms.

Jacob’s ladder is resistant to rabbits, unlike many ornamentals that flower in late spring.

Jasmine

Jasmine is loved throughout the world for its gorgeous, white or yellow star-like blooms, and its enigmatic, heavy fragrance. 

It’s a climbing plant, so you will need to give it a trellis or support in order for it to climb up a wall, fence, or other vertical surface. 

Jasmine can be grown as a houseplant or as an ornamental for your outdoor space, and this is a plant that tends to do better when it lives outside.

Full sunlight will mean that the plant will produce the most flowers possible, but it will also tolerate some shade if this isn’t possible.

When introducing a jasmine plant into your garden, water it once a week, checking beforehand that it’s not too wet. 

Regular watering will ensure that the plant establishes a good root system, enabling it to become stronger and produce healthier growth. 

You’ll also need to keep an eye on the vines, making sure to loosely tie them into the support you’re encouraging them to climb, or gently winding the tendrils around the support.

Keep checking the ties that you make, as you don’t want them to be too tight, or let the plant rub against its support and cause wounds.

Kalmia latifolia

The mountain laurel, or Kalmia latifolia, (see also Growing Kalmia) is a lovely shrub which provides any garden with a lot of glossy, rich foliage year-round, but in spring, it becomes covered in pink and crimson flowers, or white with a touch of pink.

These flowers form in clusters, and it’s a bright floral display for shaded gardens, as the mountain laurel prefers dappled shade if possible. 

This is not a plant for gardens that get frequent visits from pets or children, as the plant is poisonous if eaten.

Lasthenia conjugens

While this is an endangered plant in its wild habitats within the US, mainly due to over farming land and expanding cities, you can grow it as long as the plant has been grown commercially, and not harvested from the wild.

The common name of Lasthenia conjugens is the Contra Costa goldfields, named for its gorgeous abundance of golden-yellow flowers during March through until June.

While it is an annual plant, it will produce a huge amount of yellow flowers, and it doesn’t get any taller than 40cm, making it a great option if you want a bright and uplifting groundcover plant.

Lesser celandine

Lesser celandine, or Ficaria verna, also produces bright yellow flowers, but lesser celandine is a much taller plant, and it’s also a perennial. 

Many places do consider it an invasive plant as it can spread rapidly across the ground, able to adapt to different conditions, so bear this in mind before you plant it, and check with your local authorities first.

To help slow down its rapid growth, plant a small amount, and once the flowers start dying, cut back the plant.

Lilac

Lilac plants feature beautiful and highly scented flowers during late spring. To make the most out of these petite blooms, grow them near seating areas, windows, or doors, to maximize on their gorgeous fragrance.

You can also use lilac as a privacy screen or even as a hedge, as the shrub can be trained to a specific shape. The flowers are available in white, pale purple and dark pink, and this plant grows well in well-draining soil, somewhere sunny.

Once the flowers have finished, remove the clusters in order to encourage the plant to put its energy into next year’s growth, rather than dropping off the existing flowers.

Magnolia grandiflora

While some magnolias (see also Magnolia Uses And Care) are seen as the herald of spring, others only flower when this season is well underway. 

There are many varieties of magnolia to choose from, but magnolia grandiflora, or the bullbay, produces huge creamy white flowers, each capable of reaching 25cm in diameter. 

Malus coronaria

The sweet crabapple tree, or Malus coronaria, is a wonderful shrub which can become a tree as tall as 33 feet high when mature.

You can grow it to much smaller heights than this, too. However big you decide to grow it, the sweet crabapple (see also How To Grow A Crabapple Bonsai) needs nutrient-rich, damp soil to survive. 

This plant is sure to introduce a wealth of wildlife into your garden, not just pollinators, but birds as well, and these will help to keep your garden’s ecosystem balanced.

Both the flowers and the fruits that follow are very nutritious, and other parts of the plant are used to treat medical complaints such as cramps, bruising, and gallstones.

Myrtle

If you’d like a fairly large shrub which will produce flowers year after year instead of herbaceous perennials, myrtle is a good option. 

The leaves themselves are fragranced and evergreen, and the plant produces clusters of delicate white flowers, which are followed by deep purple berries.

Myrtle will grow in any soil type, as long as the earth is moist, and it drains well, myrtle will thrive. This shrub does require full sun, and a sheltered location to protect it from cold temperatures and high winds.

Peonies

Peonies are admired throughout the world, and for good reason. The notorious, dinner-plate size flowers that peonies produce are enough to stop anyone in their tracks, and they come in a huge range of colors including white, yellow, pink, and crimson.

Most are heavily perfumed, and it helps that peonies can adapt to many climates and conditions. Where possible, they do prefer moist but well-draining soil, in a warm, sunny position away from any wind.

They’ll grow in most soil types, but if the soil in your garden isn’t particularly rich in nutrients, you can use an organic fertilizer to help them grow.

Primrose

Primroses come in many colors, (see also Primrose Plant Guide) usually with yellow hearts at the center of each flower.

These flowers form in clusters at the top of the plant. Both their perfume and their bright colors are sure to attract plenty of pollinators into your garden.

Primroses are a great choice for any garden as they are easy to look after. Plant them in partial shade or full sunlight, and give them a good watering when the soil dries out.

Prunus glandulosa

The Chinese busy cherry, or Prunus glandulosa is a much smaller shrub, suitable for gardens which are on the smaller side. In the last few weeks of spring, this shrub becomes covered in delicate pink blooms.

It’s perfect for beds which mainly feature shrubs, or those parts of your garden that you’d like to introduce a little more structure, among a sea of herbaceous perennial flowers (see also Best Perennial Flowering Plants).

Pulsatilla vulgaris

Pulsatilla vulgaris, or the pasque flower, grows in the wild in chalk and limestone grasslands. 

While it’s rare in the wild, you can get it commercially. It’s instantly recognizable for its dark purple blooms which are covered in hair, and silvery foliage which look feathery.

There are some folktales that claim that these gorgeous flowers only appear in places where the ground has been soaked in Roman or Dane blood, as the plant used to grow near boundary banks and barrows.

Siberian bugloss

Siberian bugloss is instantly recognizable for its rough blue-gray leaves, and the clusters of tiny blue blooms. While they appear in late spring, they can flower all the way through until the first few weeks of summer.

Siberian bugloss hates drying out, so be sure to plant it in evenly damp soil. Be aware that it also has a vigorous growth habit, so make sure to plant it where you have plenty of room for it to grow, and prune it back when it starts to spread elsewhere.

Spring Snowflake

The spring snowflake, or Leucojum vernum, comes from the Amaryllidaceae plant family, and produces bell-shaped blooms in white, featuring yellow or green species on the outer petals.

While these flowers do brighten up the bases of trees and shrubs, they also attract lots of snails and slugs during this particularly wet time of year. 

You can deprive them of an easy meal by applying diluted garlic water on the soil, or putting dried, crushed eggshells on the surface of the soil to deter them.

Tulips

Perhaps the best-known and most widely grown ornamental spring bulb around, the tulip is a favorite of many gardeners.

There are many types of tulip to choose from, some of which mimic summer-flowering plants, but whichever you choose, one thing is certain. You cannot plant too many tulips in your garden.

The more you plant, the greater the effect. 

Tulips are easy to look after, and most will bloom for two years before the original bulb fails. To ensure a great flowering period, repurchase or divide bulbs every two years, and make sure you plant them deep enough into the soil, so they will flower for the following year.

Yellow trillium

A striking perennial, the leaves alone of the yellow trillium (see also Trillium Flower Symbolism) are worth mentioning. They come in  a rounded, ovate shape, the bright green mottled with a paler, silvery green.

The flowers that the yellow trillium produce are a greenish yellow, and they can reach 9cm tall.

Yellow trillium needs moist but well-draining soil, either acidic or neutral.

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