With goldenrod and ragweed being such similar plants, it can be difficult to tell which is which. Both plants also produce a lot of pollen, which can make hayfever much worse.
You might also be allergic to one or both of these plants – and it’s worth knowing which, so you can avoid them as much as possible.
Here’s how you tell the difference between ragweed and goldenrod.
How to Tell Goldenrod and Ragweed Apart
Both plants often grow in the same area, and flower around the same time, which makes it a lot trickier to tell the difference between them.
Plant identification can be difficult at the best of times, which is why foraging is readily discouraged unless you know exactly what you’re doing, and how much you can take without harming the environment.
Both are part of the daisy family (See also Edelweiss Flower (Leontopodium nivale) Meaning and Symbolism), and look fairly similar, so how do you tell the difference?
How to Recognize Ragweed
Ragweed is generally smaller than goldenrod, though the size of ragweed depends on the species, and can grow from a couple of centimeters to over 4 meters tall!
It can both be a perennial and an annual, depending on the type of ragweed and the conditions it’s growing in.
Ragweed falls under the Ambrosia genus, which contains about 50 species.
Ragweed is very invasive in places, and the easiest way to tell the difference is in the flowers.
Ragweed has petite, green flowers, (see also Top 21 Green Flowers That Look Amazing) which are often hard to tell from the rest of the plant at a distance, while goldenrod has yellow flowers that are very easy to spot.
How to Recognize Goldenrod
Depending on the variety, goldenrod is both an annual and a perennial, so it’s difficult to make a distinction between goldenrod and ragweed there.
Goldenrod usually refers to the plants which fall under the Solidago genus.
Goldenrod produces a lot of nectar, which is a valuable food source for countless pollinators, as the plant relies on insects in order to reproduce.
Goldenrod is often seen as the signal of the end of summer.
Goldenrod also has some medicinal properties.
Unlike the hellfire of pollen ragweed can unleash, goldenrod can be used as a tonic to help reduce the symptoms of flu when it’s mixed with apple cider vinegar, helping to reduce some of the horrible symptoms that come with both flu and hayfever.
It can also help boost your immune system, and it can help alleviate rashes on the surface of your skin. It’s also used to help relieve a dog or cat from a rash.
But like all plants, it’s important not to fall into the trap of self-diagnosis and self-medication, as you can do much more harm than good if you don’t know exactly what you’re doing.
Is Ragweed or Goldenrod Causing My Allergies?
Goldenrod is less likely to cause you allergies from its pollen, as the pollen itself is sticky and heavy, which makes it difficult to travel far from the flowers.
Ragweed, on the other hand, is pollinated by the wind, so naturally the pollen is much lighter in order to be carried by the wind, causing hayfever much more easily than goldenrod.
One ragweed plant can produce roughly a billion grains of pollen in a single season, and it can travel up to 400 miles away, so you can imagine exactly how much hayfever this can cause!
You can still be allergic to both plants – but perhaps in different ways.
Goldenrod is more likely to give you a rash if you’re susceptible to irritation on contact with plants, than it is to cause you some hayfever.
Whereas, ragweed is more likely to cause hay fever – it’s responsible for around 90% of hayfever in areas where it grows prolifically.
Is Ragweed or Goldenrod Better for Pollinators?
As both are wild plants which are not normally used as ornamental plants, ragweed and goldenrod have quite a few benefits for wildlife, which they’ve evolved to have over time.
Both plants are a source of food, shade, and provide habitats for numerous species in different ways.
While both produce pollen, goldenrod produces nectar, which are the favorite of some pollinators, though that doesn’t mean that ragweed doesn’t have its benefits.
In terms of the effect on humans, goldenrod is wildly better, as it can be used for medicinal purposes, and doesn’t cause such a fierce reaction like ragweed does.
On the surface, we can see that goldenrod can seemingly attract more insects as a food source, and it doesn’t seem to affect people quite so badly, the obvious choice would be to keep goldenrod and try to limit the number of ragweed to keep allergies down.
However, we can’t always see the effect such a drastic measure would have on wildlife and on the food chain. While it’s necessary to control invasive species and plants that will actively do us harm, there’s always a drawback.
In the past, ecosystems have been damaged by human intervention – by eradicating what we consider to be weeds, there have been unforeseen and even devastating consequences on insect populations, which affects the rest of the food chain, and comes back to impact us, too.
So before you get out the weed killer, the mower, or the shears, consider leaving a ‘wild’ patch in your garden, to help support wildlife and keep things carefully balanced, as all things should be.