When you think about the month you were born in, you’ll probably look at your birthstone, your astrological sign, and perhaps even the zodiac year you were born in to discover more about yourself.
Even if you don’t believe in these things, I bet you’ve been curious about it, at least once.
What is less looked for, though not any less interesting, is the birth flower associated with the month you were born in.
These flowers can also lend some interesting insight into your character that you may not otherwise have considered before.
Just like the zodiac signs and the gemstones associated with a certain month, the flower of each month has certain attributes attached to it, which is believed to be associated with people born in that month.
Specific flowers have been chosen for each month because that’s when they are at their best.
These flowers also have a ton of symbolism attached to them, and their botanical attributes can be quite intriguing as well.
While the Victorian times were noted for the flower symbolism, stories and beliefs that have been attached to flowers have been around for much, much longer. Some meanings have changed over time as society’s ideals have shifted, but not all.
Flowers are often given to someone when you can’t find the right words, and these beautiful blooms will often do all the tricky talking for you within your gift.
Read on to discover the flowers of your birth month, and what they say about you.
January Birth Flower
Depending on the variety, carnations can be at their best during January, providing some much-needed color during the first month of the year.
It comes from the dianthus genus, which directly translates as “divine flower”.
The name of the flower itself, carnation, comes from the Latin corona-ae, which means “crown”, “wreath”, and “garland”. This refers to how both the Romans and Greeks used the flower in ceremonies, so you know it’s a special flower.
Carnations are grown across the world, and they are admired for the huge variety of colors these flowers come in, in all ranges of pinks, whites, and reds.
Carnations come in both perennial and annual forms, making them perfect for any garden or cut flower arrangement.
You’ll usually find them included in bridal bouquets or in gift flowers, as carnations last quite a while as a cut flower.
There are also a lot of meanings when it comes to the flower symbolism of the carnation. Without taking the color of the flower into account, carnations represent a fascination with someone, a deep love for them and their differences that set them apart.
Red carnations stand for adoration, white means a pure love, as well as remembrance, a striped carnation can be a refusal of love or rejection, and yellow represents positivity, and conversely, rejection.
Carnations are also important to Christianity. When the Virgin Mary wept for Jesus as he was carrying his cross, where her tears fell, pink carnations grew.
As the birth month of January, carnations stand for someone who loves very deeply. You’re not afraid of being vulnerable or honest when it comes to love and how you feel within your heart.
The relationships in your life are what gives you the most energy and the most motivation to get the best out of life and everything it has to offer.
Snowdrops are one of the very first flowers that bloom in the new year, providing a wealth of brilliant white flowers, usually underneath trees and other shaded areas.
Snowdrops are part of the amaryllis family, and the genus name, Galanthus, translates to “milk flower”.
As snowdrops are very reliable perennial plants, they are widely admitted for their constancy and their beauty during the first month of the year, which is often nearly bare in terms of flower production.
While there’s around 20 known species of snowdrops, which encompasses more than 1000 varieties, these beautiful blooms are protected in the wild.
It’s illegal in many places to remove them from their wild habitat.
Largely, the snowdrop is a symbol of strength and hope, as they often bloom while snow is still on the ground, and in conditions where other plants simply wouldn’t flower. They are also symbolic of healing, as the plant is used to treat aches.
As the birth flower of January, snowdrops indicate that you’re a very resilient person.
You can find pleasure in the smallest of things, and you’re the first to spot the positive in any situation, which draws other people to you like a magnet.
Click here for a more in-depth exploration of the snowdrop’s flower symbolism and its origins.
February Birth Flower
Violets are the chosen flower of February.
Though you probably associate roses with Valentine’s Day, there is a legend that said St. Valentine made ink from violet flowers to write letters while he was imprisoned. This gives them associations with love, and hope in the face of adversity.
The violet comes from the violaceae plant family, and is also known by its genus name, viola, as well as “monkey face” which points to the flower’s gorgeous markings.
The name “heart’s ease” comes from the Shakespeare play ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’, where it was used to make a powerful love potion.
Violets come in both annual and perennial types, and though the flowers have a very delicate appearance, they are fairly resilient, and are known for setting seed quite well.
They are popular plants in nearly all seasons, but especially in February, when flowers of many other species are very few and far between.
In Roman mythology, Venus demanded that Cupid declare who was the prettiest, her – the goddess of love and beauty – or a group of girls nearby. Knowing it would send her into a rage, he chose the girls.
She struck out at the girls, and turned them into blue-purple violets. The color is said to have come from the way she beat them beforehand.
The symbolism surrounding the violet includes love, desire, and passion. Purple violets represent a true love where betrayal seems impossible, and white violets stand for purity and simplicity.
People who are born in February are said to be extremely loyal and loving thanks to this flower, as well as brave.
If this is your birth flower, one of your guiding principles is how you can express your affection for the people you love, and how you love life itself and everything it brings. You’re not easily misled by those who would want to see you fail or betray someone dear to you.
Your optimism is not easily fazed by events or by people’s negativity. You help those around you see what you see: the possibilities are endless.
Click here for a more in-depth exploration of the violet’s flower symbolism.
The Iris is named after the Greek goddess who was the messenger of the gods, and also the rainbow, which is very apt when it comes to the Iris, as it’s a flower found in the most spectacular colors.
Iris flowers are recognizable not only for their plethora of colors, but for their unique petals.
Each bloom consists of six petals, three of which stand upright, and three of which drape down towards the floor.
There are three main types of iris. Iris germanica, which is the bearded iris, where the outer petals are much more ruffled than the other types. The blooms also tend to be larger.
The second type is the beardless iris, or Iris sibirica. These flowers have smoother petals and much thinner foliage.
The third type of iris is the crested iris, or Iris cristata, and you can recognize these by the lovely stripes of orange or yellow in the lower petals.
In different cultures, the iris has a myriad of meanings, some of which overlap. Irises are broadly believed to be good luck charms, and they are also symbolic of protection, as it’s believed these beautiful flowers ward off evil.
As one of the birth flowers of February, the iris embodies a uniqueness and a highly adaptable nature, not only for their appearance but for the range of conditions these plants thrive in.
Irises embody the beauty that’s found in unusual traits, where it’s your differences that really make you stand out to others and make up what other people value in you.
These blooms are also symbolic of protection, where you’re always ready to stand up for what you believe in, and help those who need it, or those who need protecting in some form.
Irises also embody a creative nature, and how you’re always looking for solutions that may not be conventional, but they often solve problems faster and more effectively.
For a closer look at the Irises symbolism, click here.
In the US, the primrose is also one of the birth flowers for February. The scientific name for the primrose is Primula vulgaris, which translates to “widespread first rose”.
While it’s not related to the rosa family, it is one of the first flowers to appear in spring.
They are popular bedding plants, often used to fill containers and borders with a rainbow of color and positivity.
These flowers are very easy to hybridize, and as a result, there are many varieties to choose from.
Primroses are separated into two different types.
You can recognize thrum-eyed primroses by the anthers in the center of the flower, which are huge, and usually a bright yellow.
Pin-eyed primroses have a greenish eye in the center, and are much less bright. Otherwise, the flowers look nearly identical at first glance.
For such a petite flower, there are a few legends attached to it, mainly referring to heaven. One story in German folklore suggests that primroses grow over the doorway of a mysterious castle.
When a mortal crosses the threshold, the castle becomes filled with treasure of all types, but one thing that mustn’t be taken is the primrose itself. If someone were to take the primrose, they would be forever stalked by a menacing black dog.
Primroses embody your youthful attitude, and there is something in your life which you cannot live without.
You make most if not all of your decisions based on this one aspect of your life. This points to your careful and considerate nature.
For a more detailed look at the symbolism behind the primrose, click here.
March Birth Flower
Daffodils are universally regarded as the birth flower of March, as they are very beautiful during this time of year, and provide a lot of color and form to gardens.
It’s also named after the Greek myth of Narcissus, which you can read more about here.
You can recognize the wild daffodil, or Narcissus pseudonarcissus, by the large trumpet in the center of the flower, which is a much richer, darker yellow than the rest of the petals.
There are many different cultivars of the daffodil, varying wildly in appearance. Some have a double flower, which can be bicolored, and some of which can have many flowers growing in a cluster on one stem.
They are reliable bloomers which appear year after year, and you can divide them, so you get even more plants.
They thrive in a range of temperatures and conditions, some doing better in full sun, while some thrive in shady conditions.
It is worth mentioning that although we grow daffodils for their beauty both in the garden and as cut flowers, they are toxic.
The daffodil does have connotations of selfish behavior, being blind to your own needs or of others, thanks to the Greek myth. However, this isn’t the only thing daffodils symbolize.
Daffodils are associated with renewal, domestic bliss, and the triumph over winter or harsh conditions.
If you were born in March, the daffodil represents your ability to adapt to nearly any situation with confidence.
While you may be prone to bouts of selfishness, you’re a largely caring person who gets a lot out of being with others. You may be somewhat of a home bird, where you find a lot of peace within your home life and your loved ones.
Daffodils are also said to bring prosperity to those who grow them, so to others, you make their day that much brighter, and your optimistic attitude helps both you and others move forward.
April Birth Flower
Probably one of the most famous flowers of all, it wouldn’t feel right if the daisy wasn’t an official flower of a birth month. The word daisy comes from Old English, as “day’s eye”, and how the flower opens as the sun comes out.
While there are many explanations behind both the common and the scientific name for the wildflower, Bellis perennis, one in particular is interesting. Bello, a Latin word, translates as “war”, and refers to how it was historically used to help war wounds heal.
The daisy family is one of the largest plant families there is, and some look more related than others, as some species have become highly hybridized.
The Shasta Daisy is one of the most common varieties, with its trademark white petals and a bigger yellow eye.
The Painted Daisy is a fantastic flower with nearly endless planting options as it comes in so many colors, and also has the added benefit of being a magnet for pollinators.
The Gerbera Daisy is known for its vivid colors. While these large flowers are annuals in many places, they last a long, long time, especially as cut flowers.
The symbolism of the daisy is largely attached to the wildflower, Bellis perennis, though it applies to most daisies. It represents love and affection, and positivity.
If you’re an April baby, the daisy symbolizes your positive and loving nature.
You can make everyone’s days just a little brighter without trying very hard. It also represents how you find the joy in the tiniest things, and that’s an admirable quality to have.
For more symbolism behind the daisy, click here.
The sweet pea is a climbing plant famous for its beautiful, butterfly-like flowers, and the fragrance the annual varieties produce.
It’s thought that the plant was first found growing in Sicily, and countless varieties have been produced since then.
Some people believe that sowing sweet pea seeds on St. Patrick’s Day will result in the best flowers the plant can produce.
It’s part of the pea family, which encompasses plants like the Kentucky coffeetree and broad beans.
During the 19th century, Harry Eckord helped develop the cultivars which cemented the plant’s popularity as an ornamental flower. Most famous of which is the ‘Henry Eckord’ sweet pea (of course), which has very unusual orange flowers.
The range of colors and forms has exploded, and there are so many possibilities when it comes to planting combinations.
To the Victorians, the sweet pea signified pleasure, and this meaning has been carried through to the present day, and partly refers to its immediately recognizable scent, which brings a lot of joy.
Another big part of the sweet pea’s symbolism is appreciation. They are often given to someone who the sender is parting ways with, maybe for a time, or maybe forever. It represents how precious the time spent with them has been.
If you were born in April, the sweet pea symbolizes your sweet nature.
While you may be greatly affected by other people’s actions and behavior, sometimes negatively, people recognize your positivity and the joy you bring them, and there’s a huge sense of gratitude for the connection you share with them.
To find out more about the sweet pea, explore the rest of its symbolism here.
May Birth Flower
Lily of the Valley
One of the most fragrant of the May-flowering blooms, the lily of the valley is deeply admired for its brilliant white, bell-shaped blooms.
For such small flowers, this plant is widely renowned for its heady fragrance, and can carpet forest areas.
A lily of the valley plant grows from rhizomes, which are similar to bulbs and act as the plant’s storage of energy. There are two main varieties of the lily of the valley.
Convallaria majalis is native to Europe, and features wholly white flowers, and Convallaria majalis montana, which comes from North America, and features hints of green along the flower’s midribs.
The lily of the valley is also related to asparagus, as part of the same family, though you wouldn’t guess it from its appearance!
It’s a very cold-hardy plant, and comes from the cooler parts of Asia and Europe, where it is a herbaceous perennial.
People have managed to create a number of interesting varieties, including types which produce pink flowers, such as ‘Rosea’, and a variety which boasts robust stems and larger flowers, known as ‘Bordeaux’.
In the Victorian language of flowers, the lily of the valley represents purity, humility, and happiness. There is a lot of folklore surrounding this flower, many of which tie this flower to good luck.
There is one in particular which refers to when the flower blooms. In this story, the lily admired the nightingale for the songs he would sing, and how the other plants seemed to bloom stronger when he did.
One day, he didn’t return. The plant didn’t bloom. Once he returned in May, the plant was overjoyed, and produced the most spectacular flowers in happiness.
This story is said to be why the flower blooms at the same time the nightingale returns, and is one of the reasons why these petite flowers are linked to happiness.
Because of both its beauty and its fragrance, the flower is grown throughout the world both as an ornamental and for cut flowers. It’s the national flower of Finland.
If you’d like to read more about the symbolism behind the lily of the valley, and other beliefs associated with these lovely flowers, click here.
The other flower of May, the Hawthorn is related to the rose, and like the rose, it’s widely grown for its ornamental value, as well as a valuable food source and medicinal uses.
Hawthorns grow as thorny shrubs, and produce lovely flowers, which are followed by distinctive berries, which can be made into herbal teas. These berries can also be made into wine.
The plants are very hardy, and are often grown as barriers to deter unwanted visitors from private gardens and even downstairs windows. They also provide shelter and food to a plethora of wildlife.
There is an old superstition that bringing hawthorn inside the home will invite bad luck, illness, and even death. This was mainly associated with the time of the black plague, and has carried through into modern day.
Like most superstitions, this has a grain of truth. The blossom of the hawthorn contains a chemical which is also produced in the dying tissue of animals, reminding people of death.
Despite this grisly detail, the hawthorn flower is associated with happiness and a long life, as it can easily outlive a human’s lifetime at several hundreds of years.
As a symbol of May, the hawthorn flower suggests that people born in this month have a very sweet disposition, and a humble nature which people find endearing.
June Birth Flower
Those born in June have arguably some of the most lovely blooms associated with them, the rose and the honeysuckle.
Demand for roses has always been hugely popular throughout the ages, and that shows no sign of slowing down anytime soon.
There are so many types of roses, and within that, countless varieties to admire and choose to grow in your own garden.
It’s thought that roses originated in China, and were slowly introduced to the world. During the seventeenth century, they were used as payments as another form of wealth.
In the late eighteenth century, there were several breakthroughs in rose breeding techniques, and most modern roses descend from the varieties created during this time.
Largely, there are two groups roses can be divided into, the Modern Rose, and the Heirloom Rose. The Heirloom group consists of any rose which was introduced before 1867, before the Tea Roses were introduced into Europe.
Modern roses are a cross between heirloom types and tea roses, which has created ‘hybrid tea’, ‘grandiflora’, and ‘floribunda’ roses.
Each type of modern rose is known for something different. The hybrid tea rose is notable for its scent, the floribunda for the amount of flowers produced, and the grandiflora for the size of the plant itself and the roses produced.
Rose symbolism is some of the most in-depth attached to any plant, and varies depending on the color of the rose itself. There is some overarching symbolism, which is associated with love, passion, and beauty.
These are truly special plants which are grown throughout the world for their beauty, and it’s not hard to see why.
For those born in June, roses symbolize a strong sense of honor, devotion, love, and beauty. You know exactly what makes life special, and it isn’t always the beauty on the surface of things.
You hold a great many things important to you, and your guiding sense of honor serves you well, especially where it comes to matters of love.
To discover the meaning behind each color of the enigmatic rose, types you can grow, and how to care for them, click here.
Another spellbinding flower, the honeysuckle is the other main flower associated with June.
It’s valued by wildlife and humans alike for its edible nectar, and the flowers themselves have a unique shape that’s immediately recognizable.
Honeysuckles are widespread throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. There are two different forms to choose from, the shrub type, and the vine type.
Lonicera fragrantissima, which is the shrub type, is perfect as a container plant, or even a hedge. If you want a plant that will climb, sprawl, and ramble, Lonicera japonica, the vine type, is perfect.
Keep in mind that it’s also invasive, and you’ll need to be vigilant to stop it taking over your garden, and the flora outside your garden. It’s your responsibility to make sure it doesn’t take over places it has no business being.
Honeysuckles are associated with happiness, positivity, sweetness, and a love that endures time.
However, the symbolism isn’t all positive, sadly. Some believe that the honeysuckle is associated with witches who mean people harm.
Rituals involved twisted vines of honeysuckle, which would cause the intended person bad luck and misfortune.
For those born in June, the honeysuckle embodies a caring nature, which can sometimes be a little too enthusiastic, and may come across as overbearing.
These beautiful flowers also represent a life-long love and passion, and a resilient outlook which creates a lot of happiness, and perceived good fortune.
To discover more about the honeysuckle, click here.
July Birth Flower
The water lily comes from the plant family Nymphaeaceae, which is full of beautiful plants, just as gorgeous as the Greek goddess of the water, Nymphe, which is where the name comes from.
These gorgeous flowers come in both annual and perennial varieties, and some perennials are grown as annual plants in colder climates.
Overall, the perennial types are fairly hardy, and a cross between European and North American species of the water lily. The flowers are designed to float on the water’s surface.
Nearly all the tropical varieties come from Asia, and the flowers grow to sit above the water line.
There is a lot of symbolism attached to the water lily, which is embedded into many different cultures. They mainly represent happiness, purity, and the divine.
For those born in July, these captivating flowers indicate a strong will and a resilient nature, untarnished by life’s tricky situations.
The flower also embodies a wealth of happiness, which stems from the relationships in your life and your overall sense of contentment from achieving your goals.
The larkspur is the second birth flower for those born in July. You can recognize these blooms by their vivid colors of pinks, blues, and whites, growing along huge flower spikes.
The genus name, Delphinium, translates “dolphin” from ancient Greek, and refers to the shape of the flower buds, which look like dolphins.
This plant’s appearance also seems to take inspiration from birds. The common name, larkspur, points to the appearance of the flower itself, which looks like the hind claw’s of a lark.
The larkspur is divided into two types: elatum, and belladonna. Belladonna is the less popular of the two, and the flower clusters are looser. These blooms are usually incorporated into cut flower bouquets.
Elatum larkspurs have huge flower spikes, and much bigger flowers themselves. They also produce flowers in some of the most vivid blues available in a natural flower.
In terms of flower symbolism, the larkspur or delphinium is associated with protection, love, and a carefree nature.
For July babies, the delphinium indicates an incredibly loving nature, and a protective attitude when it comes to those you love.
You’re mostly worry free when it comes to life, as you know there’s a lot of problems you can’t change, but you know exactly when to act.
August Birth Flower
Part of the Iris family, this is a gorgeous flower with a lot of symbolism behind it. It’s also the largest genus within the Iris family.
The name gladiolus comes from the Latin word for sword, gladius, which describes both the blade-like leaves and the shake of the flower spike.
There is a Dutch saying, which translates as ‘death or gladioli’, a version of ‘death or glory’, as it’s said that the victorious gladiator in ancient Rome would see the crowd throw showers of gladioli flowers to celebrate their victory.
Gladioli come in a whole range of colors, some of which are bicolored, but all are striking.
This flower is also known as the sword lily, and grows wild in Asia, Europe, and Africa, but it’s grown all over the world as an ornamental annual which is very drought tolerant.
There is a legend surrounding the origin of this flower, as most flowers have. Notably, the story is a little more bloodthirsty than some, which is probably due to the flower’s appearance and links to the sword.
In Greek legend, there were two brothers who were close. Unfortunately, they fell in love with the same woman. Both were furious at the other brother. Neither of them backed down. And gradually, fury replaced their love, where they promised if neither would give up, they’d fight each other until one did, or one died.
For some reason, this woman doesn’t intervene at any point, or consider this to be a bit much, and neither did either brother, but we are looking through the lens of Ancient Greece.
The brothers went ahead with their promise to fight. They fought to the death, and both were fatally wounded by the other.
In one version, they both struck their swords into the ground hilt-first, and the flowers sprung up from the blood on the swords. In another, it was the blood of the brothers that caused the flowers to appear.
Either way, the story ends with two gladioli springing from the ground, the leaves like swords, the color of the flowers a blood-red, speckled with white, which was the woman’s tears.
For the flower of August, the gladioli represents a very passionate person. You don’t do things by halves, and your guiding sense of morality and what’s right for you carries you well throughout life.
The flower also has connotations of honor, strength, and a great deal of passion and love, wrapped up in a faith that won’t waver.
To discover more about the gladiolus and its symbolism, click here.
Poppies are the perfect flower for August, with their vivid colors which reflect the season and huge, blousy flowers that can quickly spread into a sea of color.
The common poppy is also known as Papaver rhoeas, the field poppy, or the corn poppy. It’s widely a symbol of remembrance.
It’s considered a weed to farmers everywhere, and labelling a plant as a weed can be very subjective. Mostly, when we call a plant a weed, we refer to the way it spreads quickly across a landscape.
Before herbicides were widely used, poppies would spread across fields and create fantastic sights, though they took up a lot of room which was used for farming.
The seeds of the poppy will often lie dormant in the soil for hundreds of years while still being viable, and as soon as they get a little light, you’ll see them coming up once more.
The two most common species are Papaver rhoeas, and Papaver somniferum, the second of which is the opium poppy. It was widely used for medicinal purposes, while the common poppy was used in food and in landscaping.
There is an old folklore tradition, which would supposedly tell if a love was true or not. You’d place a poppy on a girl’s palm, and then slap it. If the flower burst with a noise, it was the kind of love you wanted, maybe the sort you dreamed about.
If it was silent, the emotion was only infatuation, or it was love, and it would only end badly.
While you know that poppy seeds can lie in soil for years until they get light, this is associated with the World Wars. Trenches, bombs, and mass graves disturbed the soils, and poppies bloomed where they had previously laid dormant.
It is said that the vivid crimson of the poppy represents the lives that were lost.
For the August flower, the poppy represents someone who has a bold side to them. You’re not afraid of being your true self in front of people, and you are a creative and kind person who inspires a similar courage in others.
To discover more of the symbolism the poppy holds, click here.
September Birth Flower
Aster both refers to the star, and the gorgeous star-shaped flowers belonging to the daisy family.
They are September’s birth flowers, as they bring a lot of color and joy to this time of year, when some of the most popular flowers have either finished for the season, or they are coming to a close.
Asters are widely used for their plethora of blooms during these months as border fillers, and as part of large bouquets. These flowers are also used medicinally to treat fevers and stomach complaints.
The vast majority of the asters come from North America, which are subdivided into the New England and the New York asters.
You can recognize the New England asters by their tall growing habit, hardy nature, and the compact flowers which bloom from mid-summer into the first days of autumn.
The New York asters flower later, in the last few weeks of summer into early autumn. They have a more compact growing habit, and the blooms tend to be purple.
Both types of aster are perennial plants, which means they’ll provide your garden with color for years to come.
Aster flowers represent wisdom and faithfulness, to an idea, a purpose, or a person. White asters represent a new start, blue asters promote a sense of tranquility, and yellow asters stand for positivity.
There is also the belief that giving an aster to a romantic partner is said to cement a lasting bond with them.
For a September baby, asters are said to represent someone who has a lot of faith and wisdom, and prizes both when it comes to the relationships in their life.
An aster represents someone who is very thoughtful, and considers someone in every decision they make.
Morning glories are prolific vines which produce seas of short-lived flowers.
More often than not, during the growing season you’ll see a few more open every day, though they won’t last until the evening hours.
The morning glory belongs to the Convolvulaceae family of plants, and while there are many different varieties, it mainly refers to Ipomea purpurea.
The leaves themselves are a lovely sight, as they are heart-shaped, and set off the funnel-shaped flowers nicely, which come in purples, blues, and whites.
The plant itself can be very invasive, growing well past any boundaries, rambling across the ground and climbing up any surface you can think of, so you will need to keep an eye on it, and trim it back.
One interesting trait of the morning glory is that while some are at their best during the first few hours of the day, some flower exclusively during the night, and these types are called moon flowers.
You can also get types which produce edible tubers, such as the sweet potato, or Ipomea batatas.
Morning glories represent love, a deep connection with someone, and the approach of enjoying every moment as it comes.
For those born in September, the morning glory is the epitome of a strong will and resilience.
These plants will grow in the most challenging places, and though their flowers are very short-lived, they will always produce many blooms.
They also represent someone who feels everything very deeply, and doesn’t let a moment pass them by without appreciating it.
October Birth Flower
These beautifully striking flowers produce the warmest shades of red, orange, and yellow, and while they’re grown as striking ornamentals, they are also useful in companion planting, food, and medicine.
These gorgeous flowers have been significant since the time of the Aztecs.
It’s believed that the name Marigold is a shortened version of ‘Marygolde’ which is a compound, referring to how the flowers were given as an offering in place of gold coins to altars to the Virgin Mary.
In some places, it’s believed that the Virgin Mary also used these flowers to pay for food.
There are four groups of Marigolds. The ‘French Marigolds’, the ‘Signet Marigolds’, the ‘African Marigolds’, and the ‘Triploid Hybrid’ Marigolds.
French marigolds are known for their hardiness, and grow from autumn through to summer, often used as an ornamental. Signet marigolds are valued for their culinary uses, bringing rich color into dishes, and these flowers come in a single flower form.
African or Aztec marigolds are used as cut flowers (see also 23 Amazing African Flowering Plants You Should Know) and as part of bouquets, and resemble the French marigold, except in a bigger form.
Triploid hybrid marigolds were created by crossing the African and the French marigolds. These blooms are used both in gardens and in cut flower arrangements.
In the symbolism behind the marigold, the Aztecs believed that these flowers were sacred, and they were often left at altars.
In modern day, they are known as a big part of the Day of the Dead celebrations in Mexico, where they are said to welcome the visiting dead back to this world to visit their loved ones.
Outside this festival, they are prized for their vivid and uplifting color, as well as keeping pests away from food crops.
As the flower of October, these blooms represent a wealth of positivity which those born in October bring to their loved ones. The flowers represent someone who is highly creative and passionate, and more often than not, they put both of these traits to good use.
You can discover more of the marigold’s enigmatic symbolism here.
These beautiful flowers have the benefit of being large and colorful, which makes a great contrast to their tall and airy leaves, which are much smaller in form.
Native to Mexico, these flowers are grown for their ability to germinate pretty quickly, and with little effort, producing glorious flowers and foliage that make a statement in any space.
They tend to do better in the ground than they do in pots. As the weather gets hotter and drier in summer, some cosmos grown in containers will collapse. You can persuade them to stand upright again by soaking the whole pot in water for a little while.
The name Cosmos comes from the satisfying, orderly way that the petals of the flower are arranged. In most instances, they look perfectly symmetrical.
The flowers form part of the huge aster family, and the most widespread species of cosmos is Cosmos bipinnatus, which comes in a huge rainbow of colors.
They have been grown as ornamental plants for a very long time, and show no sign of losing their popularity.
Cosmos sulphureus produces blooms which are an almost neon yellow, though they can be found in other colors. It’s useful for making dye as an eco-friendly and biodegradable option, as well as repelling mosquitos.
Cosmos represent harmony, and achieving a balance in life. Giving someone cosmos as a cut flower gift represents the harmony that you have within your life, because they are in it. Without them, you would feel unbalanced.
For those born in October, these flowers represent someone who prizes achieving a balance in life, and someone who is very hard-working and passionate.
November Birth Flower
The chrysanthemum is a flower that’s held a lot of symbolism over the years, and has appeared in countless works of art throughout the centuries, notably in both China and Japan.
The name chrysanthemum comes from Greek, a compound of khrusos and anthemon, which translates to gold flower, which is the oldest type of chrysanthemum.
They vary hugely in appearance, but when you hear the word chrysanthemum, you probably think of the architectural blooms with near countless petals.
In Japan, the chrysanthemum flower is an important symbol of the Imperial family and the Emperor. It also appears on Japanese passports.
There is also an old legend, which tells of a town of people who lived for a hundred years, and they owed their long life to a mountain spring which was surrounded by chrysanthemums.
Chrysanthemums symbolize long life and renewal, among other things. In some cultures, a white chrysanthemum is used at funerals as a symbol of someone who led a long, full life.
Other colors symbolize positivity, as they bring a rainbow’s worth of color during the colder months.
To those born in November, the chrysanthemum represents someone who is enigmatic, who sometimes has a large guard up, concealing their caring nature from those who wouldn’t look closely enough.
These flowers also embody someone whose life is filled with creativity, passion, and perhaps the pursuit of art. People who are born in November are said to be very thoughtful when it comes to others, but they can also come across as hard to connect with.
The beautiful peony is the other birth flower for November.
Like the chrysanthemum, peonies have been admired for centuries, and are included in many forms of art, some of which are hundreds of years old. Native to China, the peony is known as the king of flowers.
At first, peonies were grown for medicinal purposes rather than for their appearance, though this has shifted through the years. They were originally used as a tea for women who had just given birth.
There are different forms of peonies. You can get them as trees, as herbaceous perennials, or intersectional plants, which is a hybrid of the two.
Tree peonies put on a perfect display in May, and flowers last for around 2 weeks. The herbaceous peony produces flowers from May until June, but the flowers only last around 7-10 days.
The intersectional peony is the longest blooming peony type, producing around 30-50 flowers per plant, in a 3-4 week window.
Peonies symbolize joy and good fortune, and have been the subject of many myths, which explain a lot of the symbolism attached to the bloom, and help cement the memory of their medicinal use.
The peony also symbolizes the moon, where the flowers are a similar bright sight during the darker hours, and it’s believed that these flowers ward off evil, driving it away from the land it grows on.
For those born in November, the peony embodies a great loyalty, an enigmatic beauty, and a strong will to be considerate and to help others where needed.
December Birth Flower
One of the more unique-looking blooms out there, the poinsettia is an unforgettable sight that strongly embodies the Christmas holiday, and it bears the same vivid tones of red and green of the holiday itself.
While you might think of the vivid colors it produces as flowers, these are actually bracts, which are modified and brightly colored leaves. Though, in many places, you’ll still hear them referred to as poinsettia flowers.
It’s part of the euphorbia family, and the scientific name for the poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima has a literal translation of ‘most beautiful euphorbia’.
While they are known for their red, green, and white ‘flowers’, they also come in a range of pinks and greens.
With hybridization, the color range has expanded to bicolored varieties, poinsettias which grow curly bracts, and much bigger plants overall.
With its symbolism so heavily attached to the holiday season, it may come as no surprise that the poinsettia represents celebration and success. It’s also a sign to look to the future and what lies ahead.
For more behind the poinsettia’s cultural roots and an in-depth look at its significance, click here.
For those born in December, the poinsettia symbolizes the joy for life, an uplifting approach and outgoing personality, someone who has a strong sense of right and wrong, and who actively helps others where they can.
It will probably come as no surprise that the beautiful holly is one of the official flowers of December. Both the fruit and the blossom that this plant produces are symbolic of the last month of the year, and the holidays included.
The Ilex aquifolium, or the holly, produces its male and female parts on separate plants. While the female part is the one that produces berries, you need both for this to happen.
The holly is symbolic of those who are the most resilient, and find creative solutions even in the most challenging times. For those born in December, this plant embodies a protective and giving nature when it comes to other people. Nothing is too much trouble.
The paperwhite daffodil is the last symbolic birth flower for December, and produces brilliant white blooms which look as delicate as paper.
As part of the daffodil family, the paperwhite narcissus comes from the amaryllis family. They also produce very fragrant blooms. They are also one of the daffodils that you can grow inside as well as outside.
To get these beautiful blooms to flower in time for Christmas, plant them at the very latest in November, just below the surface of the soil.
Keep them somewhere frost-free, in a bright but cool space. Once the green shoots start to appear, you can bring them inside.
These gorgeous blooms symbolize faithfulness, respect, and positivity for the year ahead.
For those born in December, the paperwhite daffodils symbolize an unbeatable optimism, a strong sense of staying close to one’s roots, a kind heart and a wealth of resilience to draw upon.